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Indonesia

Water resources have played an important role in the development of Indonesia. Water is in abundance, however, the unique climate and topography, coupled with increasing user demands are imposing challenges for water management. There is high demand for irrigation for food crops, water for sanitation, and for industry. Combined with these challenges, flood protection is a high priority.

Associated cities

  • Jakarta
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Water resources have played an important role in the development of Indonesia. Water is in abundance, however, the unique climate and topography, coupled with increasing user demands are imposing challenges for water management. There is high demand for irrigation for food crops, water for sanitation, and for industry. Combined with these challenges, flood protection is a high priority.

New challenges have arisen as a result of increased population growth, rapid urbanization, and climate change. And these problems are being exacerbated by a lack of investment in civil water works; some of which have had no significant revisions or maintenance since the 1980s. The consequence is a strain on water resources for health and sanitation, which is leading to environmental degradation, frequent flooding in urban areas and land subsidence.

Various projects are in progress related to irrigation development and management, drinking water and sanitation, and dredging of waterways. Coastal defence for the delta city of Jakarta is being addressed by the Great Garuda initiative.

Indonesia

National Capital Integrated Coastal Development program (NCICD)

The northern part of Jakarta is expected to subside up to 5 meters below sea level in 2050 and 7 meters in 2080. The NCICD program provides an integrated approach to address this challenge. Flood protection, improved sanitation and water supply, impr...

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