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In Korea, water is important not only for agriculture, industries and households but also for hydropower generation. Korea’s annual rainfall is 470 mm above world average of 807 mm and has large seasonal variations, with approximately 70% of precipitation occurring during the short summer. Meanwhile, torrential downpours in the monsoon season lead to widespread flood damage. Therefore, water development is an instrumental part of national development planning. Water management and development policies have focused largely on multipurpose dams to support industrial expansion.
Water-related disasters such as droughts and floods are increasing in frequency and severity due to climate change. And rapid population growth, combined with urbanisation, is increasing vulnerability to these disasters. Korea has responded with Smart Water Management, based on information and communications technology, to improved the reliability, fairness, and efficiency of the water industry.