The Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 Formulation Project is led by the General Economics Division of the Bangladesh Planning Commission and is supported by the Government of the Netherlands. In 2012, in the presence of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the two countries to cooperate on delta planning. After a preparatory study, the Bangladesh Delta Plan Formulation Project was launched by AHM Mustafa Kamal, Minister of Planning, in August 2014. In June 2015 a tripartite Memorandum of Understanding was signed between Bangladesh, the Netherlands and the World Bank Group for cooperation to strengthen management of the Bangladesh delta. On 4 November 2015, during a meeting in The Hague, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh and Prime Minister Mark Rutte of the Netherlands agreed to work together closely on the implementation of Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100.
Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100
The complexity of the Bangladesh delta necessitates a plan that can adapt to change—a Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100. A longterm, holistic and integrated plan for the Bangladesh delta. Long-term, considering goals for the next fifty to one-hundred years. Holistic, bringing together strategies for the country as a whole. Integrated, considering the needs of all water-related sectors in a single plan. The formulation of the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 draws on experience from the Delta Plan formulation process in the Netherlands, while at the same time adapting to the specific needs of Bangladesh and finding inspiration in Bangladesh’s long tradition of resilience and water management.
The Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 is grounded in a vision of the future for the Bangladesh delta. The formulated Delta Vision has been included in Bangladesh’s Seven Five Year Plan (2016-2020) as follows: “Ensure long-term water and food security, economic growth and environmental sustainability while effectively coping with natural disasters, climate change, and other delta issues through robust, adaptive and integrated strategies, and equitable water governance.”
The Delta Plan formulation process employs a staged approach to manage the building blocks and combine them together in a coherent, implementable Delta Plan.
Delta Atlas and Information Portal
A wealth of maps and other data are gathered while formulating the Delta Plan. Geographic data are gathered in a Delta Atlas. All gathered data will be made publicly available online in an Information Portal.
Bangladesh is the largest delta of the world. Its rivers and floodplains support life, livelihoods and economy. Over 160 million people live in an area of about 147 570 square kilometers. The country is defined by the delta, with almost a third of the country lying less than five meters above sea level.
Bangladesh is currently dealing with complex problems of floods, cyclones, droughts and poor water quality. These problems will increase due to climate change, a growing population, rapid economic growth and uncertain developments in up-river countries. High demands are already being placed on available land and water resources. It is estimated that, without appropriate measures, by 2050 an additional fourteen percent of the country will be extremely vulnerable to floods and more than 35 million people will be dislocated in coastal districts.
Bangladesh is a rapidly developing country with economic growth exceeding six percent on average over the last five years. Bangladesh is well on its way to fulfill its goal to be a higher middle-income country and aims to be a developed country by 2041. To fulfill its ambitions, there is a strong need to improve living conditions through better water management.
A Delta Plan for a Stronger Bangladesh
The Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 enables the Bangladesh government to integrate short-term, medium-term and longterm planning. The Delta Plan considers the delta as a whole and takes into account the effect of delta management on all sectors, empowering Bangladesh to make optimal, efficient use of limited resources. It enables the Bangladesh government to integrate climate change adaptation and plan for a future delta that ensures water safety, food security and economic growth. By employing adaptive delta management, Bangladesh becomes able to conduct robust planning in the context of a rapidly changing environment.